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agl-distro:agl-raspberrypi

AGL for Raspberry Pi

AGL has been initially ported to Raspberry Pi 2 and 3 by Leon Anavi thanks to the existing knowledge for enabling hardware graphics acceleration in Wayland and Weston from the Tizen Project and GENIVI Development Platform.

Follow the general steps for building AGL, download master branch and set raspberrypi2 or raspberrypi3 as a machine depending on the version and the model of your Raspberry Pi.

Introduction: Building target AGL image with Yocto project

The standard Yocto process is made of the following steps:

  • Setting up your operating system.
  • Setting up the build environment for R-Car BSP.
  • Downloading the proprietary drivers and installing them in the build environment (if needed).
  • Build the image.
  • Boot using SD-CARD.
    • Create an SD-CARD.
    • Configure to boot on SD-CARD.
    • Copy the image to the SD-CARD.
    • Boot the board on it.

For convenience, the resulting development images are made available Here

If you want to bypass the build phase and quick boot the board, you can download the image tarball and the kernel then follow the installation procedure.

Setting up your operating system

The very first step is to ensure that your system can run the build system of the Yocto Project.

Important: it only runs on Linux

  • if your system is Windows© or iOS© you should use a virtualization solution (Virtualbox, VMWare …) to run a Linux VM on your system.

For AGL 2.1, Yocto Project 2.1, known as krogoth, has been selected for the BSP and build system.

Reference data for configuring your system can be found in the Yocto documentation Here

Here after an extract of this documentation for most common Linux distributions:

  • The build system should be able to run on any modern distributions that has the following versions for:
    • Python
    • Git 1.7.8 or greater
    • tar 1.24 or greater
    • GCC, …

Note:

  • Python 2.7.3 or greater excluding Python 3.x, which is not supported.

Ubuntu and Debian

The essential and graphical support packages you need for a supported Ubuntu or Debian distribution are shown in the following command:

sudo apt-get install gawk wget git-core diffstat unzip texinfo gcc-multilib \
     build-essential chrpath socat libsdl1.2-dev xterm cpio curl

Note:

  • Also note that for this tutorial, the utility 'curl' has been added to the list of packages to install.

Fedora

The essential and graphical packages you need for a supported Fedora distribution are shown in the following command:

sudo yum install gawk make wget tar bzip2 gzip python unzip perl patch \
     diffutils diffstat git cpp gcc gcc-c++ glibc-devel texinfo chrpath \
     ccache perl-Data-Dumper perl-Text-ParseWords perl-Thread-Queue socat \
     SDL-devel xterm curl

OpenSUSE

The essential and graphical packages you need for a supported OpenSUSE distribution are shown in the following command:

sudo zypper install python gcc gcc-c++ git chrpath make wget python-xml \
     diffstat texinfo python-curses patch socat libSDL-devel xterm curl

CentOS

The essential and graphical packages you need for a supported CentOS distribution are shown in the following command:

sudo yum install gawk make wget tar bzip2 gzip python unzip perl patch \
     diffutils diffstat git cpp gcc gcc-c++ glibc-devel texinfo chrpath \
     socat SDL-devel xterm curl

Download AGL Source Code

The AGL source code and Yocto layers are maintained on the AGL Gerrit server.
For information on how to create accounts for gerrit see Getting Started with AGL.

Setting up the build environment

In the following, your top level directory is noted as “AGL_TOP”.
For example, we will set AGL_TOP to point to a directory “$HOME/workspace_agl”:

export AGL_TOP=$HOME/workspace_agl
mkdir -p $AGL_TOP

Prepare Repo Tool

AGL Uses the 'repo' tool for managing repositories.
You need to setup layers of AGL.
You can use the commands below to prepare Repo:

mkdir -p ~/bin
export PATH=~/bin:$PATH
curl https://storage.googleapis.com/git-repo-downloads/repo > ~/bin/repo
chmod a+x ~/bin/repo

Note:

  • More information about the tool 'repo' Here

Download source

You can choose your source release

Download Latest Stable Release

To download all layers for the for the latest stable release, dab 4.0.2:

cd $AGL_TOP
repo init -b dab -m dab_4.0.2.xml -u https://gerrit.automotivelinux.org/gerrit/AGL/AGL-repo
repo sync

Download Latest on Chinook Branch

To download all layers on the current release branch which may be in the midst of testing or changes prior to the next stable release:

cd $AGL_TOP
repo init -b chinook -u https://gerrit.automotivelinux.org/gerrit/AGL/AGL-repo
repo sync

Download Master Branch

To download all code from master:

cd $AGL_TOP
repo init -u https://gerrit.automotivelinux.org/gerrit/AGL/AGL-repo
repo sync

Set up Build Environment Info

AGL has created a set up script for defining the target build and desired optional features.
To get a complete list of the options available run.

cd $AGL_TOP
source meta-agl/scripts/aglsetup.sh -h

Once you run aglsetup.sh with your desired parameters, you can build any target desired.

Features supported by aglsetup

Here is the list of features for AGL 2.1 that can be specified in the aglsetup.sh command line:

  • in meta-agl
    • agl-archiver:
    • agl-devel: activate development options (empty root password, debugger, strace, valgrind …)
    • agl-isafw:
    • agl-netboot: enable network boot support through TFTP and NBD (see meta-netboot layer)
  • in meta-agl-devel
    • agl-oem-extra-libs:
    • agl-renesas-kernel:
  • in meta-agl-extra
    • agl-appfw-smack: enables IoT.bzh Application Framework + SMACK + Cynara
    • agl-demo: enable layer meta-agl-demo and meta-qt5 - required to build * agl-demo-platform
    • agl-localdev: add a local layer named “meta-localdev” in meta directory and a local.dev.inc conf file if present
    • agl-sota: enable SOTA components and dependencies (meta-sota, meta-filesystems, meta-ruby, meta-rust are added)

For newer features or to get more details on a given feature, take a look at the configuration files stored for each feature and/or each machine in meta-agl/templates and meta-agl-extra/templates.

Building the AGL Demo Platform for Raspberry Pi

Raspberry Pi 3

To build AGL demo platform for Raspberry Pi 3 use machine raspberrypi3 and feature agl-demo:

source meta-agl/scripts/aglsetup.sh -m raspberrypi3 agl-demo agl-netboot agl-appfw-smack
bitbake agl-demo-platform

Raspberry Pi 2

To build AGL demo platform for Raspberry Pi 2 use machine raspberrypi2 and feature agl-demo:

source meta-agl/scripts/aglsetup.sh -m raspberrypi2 agl-demo agl-netboot agl-appfw-smack
bitbake agl-demo-platform

Booting AGL Demo Platform on Raspberry Pi

Follow the steps below to copy the image to microSD card and to boot it on Raspberry Pi 2 or 3:

  • Connect your sdcard in your linux machine.
  • Copy output image from build machine to linux machine that is connected your sdcard. (Often, those are same machines)
  • Output Image location in build machine for Raspberry Pi 2: tmp/deploy/images/raspberrypi2/agl-demo-platform-raspberrypi2.wic.xz
  • Output Image location in build machine for Raspberry Pi 3: tmp/deploy/images/raspberrypi3/agl-demo-platform-raspberrypi3.wic.xz
  • Unmount the microSD card and after that flash output image to it card with root user:

Note: the sdimage files can also be named rpi-sdimg-ota in case you have the “agl-sota” feature enabled

sudo umount [sdcard device]
xzcat [output image] | sudo dd of=[sdcard device] bs=4M
sync
  • Plug your microSD card into Raspberry Pi 2 or 3 and boot the board

Troubleshooting

Extended attributes MUST be copied

IMPORTANT, The extended attribute set during image construction MUST be copied to the SD card.

When using tar to create the SDcard, it is a common error to not copy the extended attributes. Find below instruction for using tar.

Verify that tar version is 1.28 or newer:

tar --version
tar (GNU tar) 1.28
[snip]

If it is not the case, a native up-to-date version of tar is also generated while building AGL distribution:

tmp/sysroots/x86_64-linux/usr/bin/tar-native/tar --version
tar (GNU tar) 1.28
[snip]

To copy Automotive Grade Linux (AGL) files AND EXTENDED ATRIBUTES onto the SDcard using tar the command is:

tar --extract --numeric-owner --preserve-permissions --preserve-order --totals \
           --xattrs-include='*' --directory=DESTINATION_DIRECTORY --file=agl-demo-platform.....tar.bz2

meta-rust

Due to a known bug in the upstream of meta-rust the Yocto/OE recipe for rust-cross may fail while building RVI SOTA Client or another application written in the Rust programming language.
Until the complete resolution of the issue the workaround is to disable all use of the CXX11 ABI by applying the following lines to conf/local.conf:

LD_CXXFLAGS_append = " -D_GLIBCXX_USE_CXX11_ABI=0"
TARGET_CXXFLAGS_append = " -D_GLIBCXX_USE_CXX11_ABI=0"
CXXFLAGS_append = " -D_GLIBCXX_USE_CXX11_ABI=0"
  
BUILD_CXXFLAGS_remove_pn-gcc-runtime = "-D_GLIBCXX_USE_CXX11_ABI=0"
TARGET_CXXFLAGS_remove_pn-gcc-runtime = "-D_GLIBCXX_USE_CXX11_ABI=0" CXXFLAGS_remove_pn-gcc-runtime = "-D_GLIBCXX_USE_CXX11_ABI=0"

Disabling Homescreen in AGL 3.0.x CC release

Problem: new installed applications are not available on Homescreen and even if started manually through afm-util, the application starts but no surface appears.

Answer: this is due to IVI-Shell integration with Qt and Homescreen.

To disable IVI-Shell and revert to the “plain old” weston desktop, you can follow the 4 steps below:

  • Modify /etc/xdg/weston/weston.ini and comment the line mentioning IVI-shell. For example on Porter board:
           [core]
           backend=drm-backend.so
           #shell=ivi-shell.so
           ...
  • modify /usr/lib/systemd/user/afm-user-daemon.service and comment the line specifying QT Wayland backend:
           ...
           #Environment=QT_WAYLAND_SHELL_INTEGRATION=ivi-shell
           ...
  • disable Homescreen services:
           # systemctl disable HomeScreenAppFrameworkBinderAGL.service
           # systemctl disable HomeScreen.service
           # systemctl disable InputEventManager.service
           # systemctl disable WindowManager.service
  • Reboot your target and you should then be able to start apps on the standard weston screen using afm-util

Commercial Licensed Packages

Append to following lines to conf/local.conf to include libomxil under a commercial license to your build:

# For libomxil
LICENSE_FLAGS_WHITELIST = "commercial"

IMAGE_INSTALL_append = " libomxil"

Raspberry Pi Touchscreen with Rotation

If you have Raspberry Pi official 7“ touchscreen connected, you can rotate it with these lines in /etc/xdg/weston/weston.ini

root@raspberrypi3:/etc/xdg/weston# cat weston.ini
[core]
backend=drm-backend.so
shell=desktop-shell.so

[shell]
locking=true
# Uncomment below to hide panel
#panel-location=none

[launcher]
icon=/usr/share/weston/terminal.png
path=/usr/bin/weston-terminal

[launcher]
icon=/usr/share/weston/icon_flower.png
path=/usr/bin/weston-flower

[output]
name=DSI-1
transform=270

Debugging

It is possible to debug AGL images on Raspberry Pi using 3.3V USB to serial cable, such as Olimex USB-Serial-Cable-F, connected to the UART of the board. Follow the instructions below to connect a cable to the board (do it on your own risk, no warranty is provided):

  • Connect the BLUE wire if you are using Olimex USB-Serial-Cable-F to pin 6 of Raspberry Pi,
  • Connect the RX line of the cable (GREEN wire if you are using Olimex USB-Serial-Cable-F) to pin 8 (TX line) of Raspberry Pi,
  • Connect the TX line of the cable (RED wire if you are using Olimex USB-Serial-Cable-F) to pin 10 (RX line) of Raspberry Pi.

 Olimex USB-Serial-Cable-F attached to Raspberry PI 2 for debugging through the serial console

  • Plug the USB connector of the cable to your computer and use your favorite tool for serial communication, for example on Ubuntu and other Linux distributions you may use screen:
sudo screen /dev/ttyUSB0 115200

Pay attention that the colors of the cable may vary depending on the vendor. If you have USB console cable from Adafruit please have a look here.

agl-distro/agl-raspberrypi.txt · Last modified: 2017/11/28 12:39 by leonanavi